By Santiago Madruga, VP of Communications Service Providers market, Red Hat EMEA
Communication service providers across the world are looking to claim their position at the heart of the digital society, but they first need to become more agile and lean.
There are many innovations that can help in this quest: NFV, SDN, the convergence of networks and IT, cloudification, DevOps, and more.
In most cases the required technologies are now available and ready for mission-critical environments.
However, the surrounding operational processes and mindset are often in need of a thorough review.
CSPs are already modernising. Examples include the likes of Altice Group, which is building a holistic NFV platform with ambitious timelines for getting the majority of mobile traffic running on it.
Or Three UK, which has developed a world-first cloud-native core network, designed to be massively scalable so it can respond to subscribers’ service demands.
Once CSPs have these initial NFV use cases up and running, they need to turn their attention to how to scale these out, adapting and improving their operational processes and, in many cases, the way they think about their operation altogether in order to become more agile and lean.
Open source is a key change agent in this process.
It brings the desired innovation, yet is fundamentally different, in the way it is engineered, to other technologies – and CSPs need to understand how can they avoid the risks and reap the benefits.
Many are now participating actively in open source communities, either independently or hand-in-hand with other companies.
Transition to cloud
Cloudification brings speed, efficiently. Digital-native businesses that are born in the cloud are more agile and innovative, including many over-the-top companies that now compete with CSPs for the value-add services that drive margins and customer loyalty.
These companies can more freely experiment with new services without huge amounts of upfront investment or commitment, and they’re not afraid to fail fast.
And when a service does take off it can scale quickly and reliably.
Most CSPs were not born directly in the cloud, but are fast adopting it.
They are making the move away from dedicated hardware, away from monolithic systems with proprietary software running on a specific piece of equipment.
However, this is a change that may take some time for CSPs, which typically have significant legacy systems that may still not be fully paid off.
But as their old systems come to the end of their maintenance lifecycle, or as new initiatives are launched, every new system is designed for more modern architectures.
These are typically based on open source, helping to avoid proprietary lock-in, and perhaps more dangerous: the customisation of open source code that deviates from standard upstream communities.
First, a cultural shift
Agility and efficiency does not come from technology innovation alone, but also require changes in process, mindset and culture.
Red Hat’s recent Open Source Culture Survey revealed that 91 percent of respondents across industries thought that technological developments were changing the way their organisation had to operate in order to succeed, with 81 percent of respondents agreeing that having an open organisational culture is important to their company.
However, only 67 percent of respondents said that their organisation has the resources necessary to build an open culture, with 59 percent of them identifying legacy systems and outdated technology as a barrier to change.
When it comes to human resourcing a tech roll out, having the right skill sets on board is only half of the challenge; having those people work in the most efficient way is the other.
CSPs have grown used to working in a certain way.
Typically, they work on projects from beginning to end, ensuring that any new service or application is absolutely watertight before it is deployed.
And rightly so - in the old inflexible world this is completely necessary as the ability to revise things on the fly is not an option.
Cloudified environments are different. They break the relationship between software and hardware, and even between different layers of software architecture, enabling flexibility and hybridity.
Much faster change is possible without jeopardising reliability and operations, but this also requires a review of organisations, processes and mindset.
Knowing this and doing this are two very different matters though.
It is unrealistic to expect sweeping reform among the CSPs community.
It is more likely to happen on a project-by-project basis, step-by-step.
Building open cloud platforms to enable virtualisation is the first step, and CSPs are well on the way with this.